Pantano was never charged with murder, he was never found not guilty of murder. He never went to trial.
We was the subject of an Article 32 **INVESTIGATION**. That is similar in scope to a District Attorney's investigation and decision to present his case to a grand jury, to see if they will return a true bill of indictment.
The investigating officer presents his case to the conveneing authority, the flag officer who makes the same decision as a grand jury - indict or not, only the general decides court martial or not.
In Panatno's case the investigating officer presented his findings to the convening authority with a recommendation of OME MINOR CHARGE, "conduct unbecoming an officer."
However, the "grand jury" did not return a "true bill." The general agreed with the investigating officer regarding the lack of evidence to proceed with a murder charge, and decided to dismiss the one minor charge that was recommended.
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