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● The EPA listed New Hanover as the #1 toxic emitting county in North Carolina out of all 100 counties in 2010 (1

● The EPA has also listed New Hanover as the second highest criteria pollutant emitting county in the state (behind Columbus Co.) in 2010.2

● New Hanover County is the second most densely populated county in NC, which means the industrial zoned areas and the biggest polluting facilities, are dangerously close to residential areas, schools, parks and athletic fields. (Where do your children play?)

● Under the new EPA guidelines, levels of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) in NHC were at unacceptable levels in 2010, putting the county in danger of non-attainment status. This could affect the ability to attract businesses and tourists. It could also affect our bond rating and cause financial problems for our county.3

● Over 61,400 tons of Criteria Pollutants were emitted in NHC in 2010. (That’s 122,868,000 lbs.!) 4

"Criteria pollutants" are used as indicators of air quality by the EPA and include Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrous Oxide (NOx), Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Lead, and Particulate Matter (PM 10 and PM 2.5).

Over 3,000,000 pounds of hazardous/toxic pollution, which includes chemicals and carcinogens such as Benzene, Toluene, Mercury, Dioxin, Formaldehyde and Chromium, were released in 2010 in NHC!5

● Health Effects of Criteria Pollutants include difficulty breathing; decreased lung function; aggravated asthma; development of chronic bronchitis; irregular heartbeat; heart attacks; and premature death in people with heart or lung disease. Children and older adults are the most likely to be affected by pollution exposure. However, even if you are healthy, you may experience symptoms from exposure to elevated levels of pollution6. New studies suggest even at levels generally considered safe by federal regulations, exposure to PM 2.5 increases the risk of stroke by 34 percent.7

● Health Effects of Toxic Pollution include cancer, learning disabilities, infertility, birth defects and other reproductive problems, as well as a wide array of other health risks.8

Other Facts

● 369,000 NC children were diagnosed with asthma in 2010. One third of all NC children visited am emergency room or urgent care facility because of asthma. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children in the U.S. with 14 million lost school days a year and a $2 billion health care cost nationally9. Scientific studies show air pollution is a major cause of asthma, most notably SO2, NOx, and Particulate Matter (PM 10 and PM 2.5)10

● The EPA states children may be more susceptible than adults to the harmful effects of particulate matter pollution.10

● New Hanover County emissions for 2010 for these pollutants were:11

SO2 - 21,322 tons
NOx – 6,230 Tons
PM 10 – 885 Tons
PM 2.5 – 527 Tons

● Now the NC DAQ says its fine for Titan to add to that another:12

438 tons/ year of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
1,533 tons/yr of Nitrogen Oxides (NOX)
200 tons/yr of Particulate Matter 10 – (PM 10)
160 tons/yr of Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM 2.5)

● The American Lung Association states that breathing in particulate pollution can increase the risk of early death, heart attacks, strokes and emergency room visits for asthma and cardiovascular disease. They also state that the current standards set by the EPA are insufficient in protecting the health of sensitive populations - such as children and the elderly, and those with heart and lung disease.13

● John Walke, the Clean Air Director for the Natural Resource Defense Council, says that the federal rules are “abysmal” when it comes to protecting our children and that the laws "just don't take into account the different susceptibility of children to pollution or the proximity of pollution sources to places children frequent".14

Sources for Facts












12 See printouts for Titan’s Air Permit Emissions




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